In the last few decades, the use of technology and computers has helped resolve a number of criminal cases. GPS devices, smart phones, and laptops are a few of the many digital devices that have been used to extract crucial data and track down criminals. Police units, the homeland security department, FBI, and NSA are among the leading agencies that have invested heavily in computer forensics and cyber-crime. The growth of computer forensics can be seen from its increased use in investigations. Skilled experts who specialize in this field are known as computer forensic science technicians. Along with other forensic science specialties, computer forensics has also grown in demand. The ever-growing IT industry and law enforcement, and the growing digital era has boosted the need for computer forensic science technicians. A number of accredited computer forensic schools are offering degree programs in this area. Students interested in joining this industry must be well-equipped with at least a bachelor's degree and formal training.
Computer Forensics Courses
Computer forensics degree programs are geared towards providing students with a comprehensive understanding of the field. The coursework will cover a range of subjects through which students will theoretical knowledge and will also engage in hands-on learning. The curriculum will vary slightly from program to program and will depend upon degree is being pursued. It is important that students understand the basics of the industry and learn about the technological trends that are shaping organizations. Students will learn about business management, information security, and the different techniques that are being used for protecting digital data. Each course component must be completed to successfully earn the degree. The credit hour requirement will vary from school to school. Some of the general areas covered in computer forensics degrees have been listed below:
Introduction to compute forensics
Computer forensics tools and techniques
Computer forensics practices
File systems and forensic analysis
Computer forensics investigation computer programming
Hardware and software
Students enrolled in these programs will also acquire training and will be provided the opportunity to build technical skills, analytical skills, investigation skills, and critical-thinking skills.
Training and certification
Before one can pursue a career as computer forensic technician, training is mandatory. The minimum training requirements will vary from state to state. Certifications are also recommended to help boost career opportunities. There are many agencies and organizations that specialize in computer forensics training and certifications. The International Association of Computer Investigative Specialists (IACIS) is a leading non-profit organization that offers a certification in this field.
The exact career path you can pursue will depend upon your level of degree and skill. You can choose to work in cyber-divisions in federal agencies such as the Department of Homeland Security or the NSA, though you may have to take further training and fulfill the eligibility requirements. Apart from federal agencies, a number of large organizations are hiring computer forensic science technicians. On-the-job duties and tasks typically include investigation, analyzing digital content, recovering data, and supervising teams.