the subject of engineering has rapidly evolved into detailed fields. on the whole, it strives to find solutions to real-world problems by combining different concepts from mathematics, physical sciences, computing, and technology.
overview of programs
an associate's degree in this subject takes only two years to complete, but you should keep in mind that you will only be eligible for entry level positions if you are hired by any company. in order to work as an engineer, you will need to pursue at least a bachelor's degree. an undergraduate degree takes four years to complete and will require you to choose a concentration area. graduate programs are usually completed in two years. advanced degrees offer the highest level of career mobility. master's and doctoral degrees enable engineers to work as instructors at universities and colleges, and allow them to be involved in theoretical and experimental research and development.
engineering programs equip students with the knowledge and skills needed to discover, formulate, and solve engineering problems. it also enables them to design and conduct experiments; and to build components, systems, and processes by utilizing the knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering. they will learn to use the skills, techniques, and modern engineering tools while practicing engineering. along with this focus, they are taught about contemporary issues that will help them analyze engineering problems and solutions in a global context.
choosing your concentration
students can specialize in an area that fits their interest. concentrations include but are not limited to the following:
overall, for the engineering profession, employment outlook is bright according to the us bureau of labor statistics. employment of civil and environmental engineers is expected to increase slightly faster than the average of all occupations. most noticeable is the expected growth in the field of biomedical engineering which is expected to be 62% from 2010 to 2020. other specializations like chemical, electrical, and mechanical engineering are forecasted to grow at a slower than average rate.
an attractive alternative to on-campus classes has emerged in the form of online education. it is being offered in many formats; but the aim remains the same, and that is to allow students with work and family responsibilities to be able to get an education and earn a degree. distance education programs also help students navigate through different engineering degrees. students may expect to receive consistent advice regarding course requirements, internship opportunities, and career and professional development.
before enrolling, ascertain that your online engineering degree program is accredited. this is crucial because in order to become a professional engineer, you will need an abet-accredited degree in engineering. abet is a national accreditation board and accredits individual programs rather than the whole institution. the program is evaluated on the basis of general engineering and discipline specific requirements. graduates will be then eligible to seek a professional engineering (pe) license. this process involves taking and passing the fundamentals of engineering (fe) exam, which can be taken right after graduation. after this, candidates are required to gain relevant work experience and then pass the professional engineering (pe) exam. only then can you start work as a practicing engineer.