forensic science is the study of scientific principles used to identify criminals and evidence against them. there are various branches of forensic science such as physical sciences and social sciences. each branch of forensic science deals with a particular study in this field. for example, forensic chemistry involves analyzing evidence such as fingerprints found at crime scenes. by choosing a specific branch of forensic science in an academic program, you can determine the kind of career you wish to pursue in this field of criminal justice.
some of the major branches of forensic science include:
- forensic biology
- forensic chemistry
- forensic anthropology
- forensic dentistry
- forensic behavioral sciences
this is an important branch of forensic science that involves diseases and their affects. in this course, you learn to contribute to law enforcement by means of autopsies. in other words, in this branch of forensic science, you learn to provide information that allows the police to discern the cause of someone's death; natural or unnatural.
in this branch of forensic science you learn how to analyze various pieces of evidence found at different crime scenes. these may include fingerprints, urine, blood samples etc. using these evidences, you are able to identify criminals and produce the details of different criminal activities.
forensic anthropology involves analyzing the remains of natural disasters, terrorist attacks and plane crashes.
forensic dentistry focuses on criminal and civil cases where you identify victims by means of scrutinizing their dental records or bite marks.
forensic behavioral sciences
this branch of forensic science deals with the psychological side of criminals